Install Solaris Package in Alternate Base Directory

Unless you specify a different administrative file, the pkgadd command reads “/var/sadm/install/admin/default”, which specifies the base directory as “/opt”. Do not change the settings in this file, but rather create a custom admin file and enter an alternate “basedir” directive if you want to install your package into a different directory. We are going to install our package into “/var/applications”, and call our custom admin file “custom”.

First, create and edit “/var/sadm/install/admin/custom”, adding a line similar to this:
basedir=/var/applications/$PKGINST

Next, issue the pkgadd command with the “-a” flag to call you alternative admin file:

pkgadd -d device -a custom PackageName

This really comes in handy when your customers want to retain control over their packages, but you don’t want to give them access to write packages into the system area. More detailed instructions can be found here.

Changing Linux Mount Points

If you’re familiar with UNIX, you know that changing mount points is really pretty easy. All you have to do is go into “/etc/fstab”, “/etc/vfstab” (or whatever your flavor of UNIX happens to call its filesystem table) and change the mount directory.

If, for instance, you had a Solaris box, and you wanted to make the disk currently mounted as “/data” be mounted as “/database”, all you would have to do is the following:

# umount /data
# mv /data /database
Change this line in “/etc/vfstab” from something like this:
/dev/dsk/c1d0s6 /dev/rdsk/c1d0s6 /data ufs 1 yes –
to something like this:
/dev/dsk/c1d0s6 /dev/rdsk/c1d0s6 /database ufs 1 yes –
and remount it as “/database”.
# mount /database

With Linux, however, it’s not quite so clear anymore… It’s still easy, but it’s just not so clear what you have to do since they have now taken to mounting filesystems using the volume label. Rather than pointing directly to the disk device, Linux points to the label, and “/etc/fstab” look more like this:

LABEL=/data /data ext3 defaults 1 2

You can always simply change the disk label, but if you don’t care, you can just tell linux where the raw device is, bypassing the need to worry about the label. The easiest way to do this is simply to replace the “LABEL=/data” value to the “/dev” entry of the disk itself. Then, simply change “/data” to “/database” and you’re all set.

Here is an example of what you would do to change the mountpoint of “/data” to /database”:

# umount /data
# mv /data /database
Change this line in “/etc/fstab” from this:
LABEL=/data /data ext3 defaults 1 2
to this:
/dev/sda6 /database ext3 defaults 1 2
and remount it as /database
# mount /database

Remembering to change the example values here with those required for your situation.